Yellow Sapphire (Pukhraj) is a Yellow colour beautiful gemstone which is a part of the mineral family Corundum. It is one of the precious gemstones of the earth's crust and is used extensively in astrological uses and is associated with planet Jupiter (Guru or Brihaspati). It is also known as Kanak Pushparaj and Pushyaragam.
According to the ancient Vedic Astrology, Yellow Sapphire is among the most precious Nine gemstones (which are called 'The Nava Ratnas') of the universe and is the main gemstone representing the largest planet of our galaxy - The Jupiter (Guru). As per the Vedic astrology, Jupiter is the royal teacher or Raj Guru who is considered to be the one who possess immense knowledge, ethics and intelligence.
Yellow Sapphire is extremely effective to strengthen the position of a weak Jupiter in a horoscope which may result in various issues pertaining to one's money, children, health, personal life & professional career. Mostly, Yellow Sapphire or Pukhraj gemstone is worn by people working in teaching, law, medicine, etc. Wearing a Yellow sapphire stone in Gold metal is the best remedy for those who have a weak positioned Jupiter or are currently going through the astrological phase of 'Guru Mahadasha' in their horoscope.
Apart from this, Jupiter has the lordship of astrological signs - Sagittarius (Dhanu) and Pisces (Meen). Hence, people born in the Lagna or ascendant of Sagittarius and Pisces can wear this Pukhraj Ratna as their birthstone or life stone. Along with these signs, natives born in the Lagnas of Aries (Mesh), Cancer (Kark), Leo (Singh) and Scorpio (Vrishchik) can also wear Yellow Sapphire stone. This is because the planets Mars, Moon and Sun (lords of the above-mentioned signs) share a friendly relationship with the planet of Yellow Sapphire i.e. Jupiter or Guru.
Yellow Sapphire stone benefits can be summarized as follows:
In addition to the astrological aspects mentioned above, a Yellow Sapphire can also be used for healing or various human body disorders or problems. Here are some of them:
Here we are going to give a brief idea about the best procedure to wear a Yellow Sapphire gemstone.
Sunrise (usually between 5 am to 7 am) of any Thursday (Guruwaar) can be considered good to wear the Yellow Sapphire gemstone. According to few experienced astrologers, Thursday between Ashtami (8th day) of Shukla Paksha (Waxing Moon period) to the Ashtami of Krishna Paksha (Waning Moon period) can be considered as the best day to wear the Yellow Sapphire gemstone.
Gold the best suitable metal for Yellow Sapphire gemstone. Gold provide the outright support to Yellow Sapphire for showering its complete effect on the wearer. If Gold seems to be unaffordable, second best choice of metal is Panchadhatu which is an alloy of five sacred metals. Sometimes, based on specific planetary position in a horoscope, certain astrologers may advise wearing the Yellow Sapphire gemstone in Silver. If advised such, one should wear the Yellow Sapphire in Silver as suggested by the astrologer. Otherwise, Silver should be the last choice of metals for Yellow Sapphire.
According to the Shastras (Sacred books) related to Astrology, the Index or Forefinger which is called 'Tarjani' in Hindi and Sanskrit should be considered as the first choice to wear Yellow Sapphire gemstone. In some rare cases, it may be worn in the ring finger also (if suggested by the astrologer).
Yellow Sapphire gemstone becomes most effective whenworn on the Index finger (Tarjani) of the active hand. An active hand refers to the hand which is used by the wearer for most of his everyday task habitually. Alternatively, one can buy Yellow Sapphire gemstone and wear in a pendant made of Gold or Panchadhatu metals.
Note: Please do not throw the mixture of Panchadravya in the dump. Rather, pour it in a flowerpot or Plant pot as this mixture is considered a good fertilizer too.
Price of Yellow Sapphire in India varies between INR 400 per carat (approx. USD 6.00) to INR 2,00,000 per carat (approx. USD 3080.00) or even above. This difference of price is based on varied factors ranging from the origin or the mines from where they are extracted, type of cuts, consistency of colour including the hue and tone, level of natural inclusions or mineral impurity, lustre and many more.
Let us understand how are the Yellow Sapphire stones valued in Indian as well as International markets. In the gemstones industry, there are mainly 3-4 different categories of Yellow sapphires available. One of the first parameter to value the Yellow Sapphire stone is its Origin.
These Yellow sapphires are extracted from Sri Lanka. Ceylon is an older name for Sri Lanka therefore, some people recall Ceylonese Yellow Sapphire as Sri Lankan Yellow Sapphires. They are available from greyish Yellow color to very deep Yellow color. Price of Sri Lanka Yellow Sapphire ranges between INR 1,500 per carat to INR 2,00,000 per carat or above depending on its colour, clarity and cuts. Sri Lankan or Ceylonese Yellow Sapphire are considered as best effective for astrological purposes. Almost 80% of the available Sri Lankan Sapphires are unheated and untreated. Remaining 20% are colour enhanced by heating them in higher temperatures to earn a higher price.
Hence, it is very important to get a Yellow Sapphire tested and certified from a reputed and government approved lab.
The lower quality Yellow sapphires which are extracted from the mines of different parts of the world are collected in a hub to enhance their clarity, cuts and color in order to give those low-quality Yellow sapphires a higher value in the International Jewel Marketplace. This hub is Bangkok - the Capital city of Thailand. Bangkok Yellow sapphires are mainly used for making bridal jewellery or fashion jewellery. It is used rarely for astrological purposes. The price of Bangkok Yellow Sapphire or Thailand Yellow Sapphire in India ranges between INR 400 per carat to INR 30,000 per carat or above. 80% of the Bangkok Yellow sapphires available in the world market are glass filled while the remaining 20% Yellow sapphires are color enhanced by heating.
Yellow Sapphires or Pukhraj are extracted from other regions like India, Afghanistan, Africa, Myanmar, Russia and USA. However, those Yellow sapphires are very less popular and are not in demand. Most of these Yellow sapphires are sold after treatments to enhance their clarity and colour.
According to the gemologists, there are four main 'C's based on which most of the coloured gemstones are valued by the sellers. These are Color, Clarity, Cuts and Carat.
Technically, a Yellow Sapphire gemstone should be of Deep Yellow colour. Hence, Yellow sapphires having bright Yellow or deep Yellow colour is considered as the best value and are highly priced in the International markets. Yellow sapphires having natural hue, tone and saturation of Yellow colour may cost between INR 2,000 per carat to INR 2,00,000 per carat or above based on their origin.
Clarity refers to the level of transparency in the Yellow sapphires. The higher the transparency, the higher will be its price in the market provided the clarity is not artificial. If the number of natural impurities or mineral inclusions, which are diffused naturally under the earth's crust while the formation of these gems, is higher, the transparency level will be low and so will be its lustre and brilliance. These inclusions can be solid like any dirt or chip of other minerals inside the gemstone; a liquid such as water bubbles; or gaseous such as cloud-like or smoke inside the Yellow sapphires.
Cuts or the symmetry which is used to cut the Yellow sapphires play a very vital role in providing them lustre and shine. If the angular cuts are symmetrical and very minutely crafted, it gives the Yellow Sapphire gemstone an ability to reflect and refract the colour and lustre at its best. On the other hand, uneven and lazy cuts may result in the dullness of even a good clarity Yellow Sapphire which may ultimately diminish the price. The better the cuts, the more will be its price in the industry.
Most popular Yellow sapphires such as Ceylon Yellow Sapphire are very rarely available in all weights. The large size of high-quality Yellow Sapphires are very expensive and may start from INR 10,000 per carat for even the basic quality. Usually, the stones with more than 7-carat weight are priced higher than the small sizes.
The Yellow Sapphire is called Pukhraj in Hindi. Sometimes, people refer to Yellow Sapphire as Pushparaj as well, however, the term Pushparaj is associated with the substitutes of Yellow Sapphire i.e. Yellow Topaz. In West Bengal, Odisha and Assam, a Yellow Sapphire are well known as 'Pokhraj' and in southern parts of India , it is known as Pushyaragam or Pushkaragam mani. In Spanish, it is called 'Zafiro amarillo', in traditional Chinese language, it is known as Huángsè lánbǎoshí, in languages like French, it is called 'Saphir Jaune' and it is termed as Asfar 'Yaqut stone' in Arabic language.
Yellow Sapphire or Pukhraj which has deepest yellow color and has a brilliant shine and luster is the most expensive yellow sapphire gemstone. Such quality Yellow Sapphire may cost upto INR 1,00,00,000 in India.
People born in the Lagnas of Saturn (Capricorn/Makar and Aquarius/Kumbh) and Venus (Taurus/Vrishab and Libra/Tula) are advised not to wear a Yellow Sapphire gemstone because of the inimical relationship of Jupiter (Guru) with these planets in astrology.
For astrological purposes, the best suitable weight of Yellow Sapphire stone should be found by dividing the body weight of the wearer by 10. For example, a person weighing 60KGs should ideally wear a Yellow Sapphire or Pukhraj stone of 6 carats or above (60Kgs / 10 = 6 carat). However, based on the clarity and budget, one may decide to wear 1-2 carats less and should be able to find good results.
Chemical Composition: Al2O3
Hardness on Moh's Scale of 10.0: 9.0
Specific Gravity: 3.95 to 4.03
Refractive Index: 1.76 to 1.77
You are born in Sagittarius or Pisces Lagna or ascendant, or
You are born in Aries, Cancer, Leo or Scorpio Lagnas,
You get an authentic Lab's certificate such as IGI, GIA or GTL Labs in India,
You get proper and detailed information about treatments and quality of the Yellow sapphire,
You get the best value for your hard earned money in terms of origin and quality parameters discussed earlier, and
You get detailed description including high definition videos or photos of your Yellow sapphire before placing your order if buying the Yellow sapphire online.